IKI in Ukraine

Ukrainian-German Cooperation for Climate Action, Adapting to Climate Change, Conserving Natural Carbon Sinks and Preserving Biodiversity

In the years pri­or to the full-scale Russ­ian war of aggres­sion, Ukraine con­tin­u­ous­ly increased its cli­mate action ambi­tions despite the dif­fi­cult secu­ri­ty, polit­i­cal and eco­nom­ic sit­u­a­tion that already pre­vailed even then. On 31 July 2021, Ukraine sub­mit­ted its updat­ed NDC tar­get, in which the 2030 tar­get is sig­nif­i­cant­ly strength­ened. Ukraine’s GHG emis­sions (includ­ing land use, land-use change and forestry — LULUCF) are to be reduced by 65 per cent below the 1990 lev­els by 2030. The goal is to also achieve cli­mate neu­tral­i­ty by 2060 at the lat­est. Ukraine has been a mem­ber of the NDC part­ner­ship since June 2019.

The coun­try has devel­oped a strat­e­gy for ecosafe­ty and cli­mate change adap­ta­tion by 2030. The imple­men­ta­tion of the strat­e­gy aims to ful­fil Ukraine’s inter­na­tion­al com­mit­ments under the Paris Agree­ment regard­ing the mit­i­ga­tion of green­house gas emis­sions and adap­ta­tion to the impacts of glob­al cli­mate change.

In 1995, Ukraine rat­i­fied the Con­ven­tion on Bio­log­i­cal Diver­si­ty (CBD) and joined the Carta­ge­na Pro­to­col in 2003. The Nation­al Bio­di­ver­si­ty Strat­e­gy and Action Plan (NBSAP) was sub­mit­ted in 2010.

The IKI in Ukraine

Since 2008, IKI has sup­port­ed Ukraine’s cli­mate action, adapt­ing to cli­mate change, con­serv­ing nat­ur­al car­bon sinks, and pre­serv­ing bio­di­ver­si­ty. Right from the begin­ning, Ukraine and Ger­many have worked close­ly togeth­er with­in the IKI. Ukraine is a pri­or­i­ty coun­try of the Inter­na­tion­al Cli­mate Ini­tia­tive (IKI). The Inter­na­tion­al Cli­mate Ini­tia­tive (IKI) is cur­rent­ly fund­ing 17 projects in Ukraine with a total approved bud­get of EUR 278.5 mil­lion, of which 8 are bilat­er­al projects (total bud­get: EUR 74.3 mil­lion) and 9 are regional/global (EUR 204.2 mil­lion for all par­tic­i­pat­ing imple­ment­ing coun­tries).

IKI in Ukraine focus­es on ambi­tious cli­mate poli­cies, green­house gas emis­sion mit­i­ga­tion, and devel­op­ing NDC plans. Ongo­ing projects sup­port Ukraine’s recov­ery, pro­mot­ing cli­mate-friend­ly, green, and resilient trans­for­ma­tions.

IKI projects in the coun­try (last updat­ed: Novem­ber 2023):

  • bilat­er­al: 8 ongo­ing, 12 com­plet­ed
  • region­al: 7 ongo­ing, 4 com­plet­ed
  • glob­al: 3 ongo­ing, 1 com­plet­ed

In addi­tion, the IKI plans to sup­port 2 new bilat­er­al projects with a total bud­get of EUR 27.5 mil­lion. One of that is the joint­ly select­ed GIZ project from the IKI coun­try call “Sup­port­ing Ukraine in the imple­men­ta­tion of the Paris Agree­ment and Adap­ta­tion to the impact of cli­mate change in the Black Sea region” with a fund­ing vol­ume of 17.5 mil­lion euros. Addi­tion­al­ly, 3 new regional/global projects with a bud­get of EUR 64.8 mil­lion are in plan­ning.

IKI part­ner min­istries in Ukraine:

  • Min­istry of Envi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion and Nat­ur­al Resources
  • Min­istry of Ener­gy
  • Min­istry of Com­mu­ni­ties, Ter­ri­to­ries and Infra­struc­ture Devel­op­ment
  • Min­istry of Agrar­i­an Pol­i­cy and Food

Priority Areas of Work in Ukraine

Ukraine and Ger­many have a close, long-stand­ing coop­er­a­tion in the cli­mate and bio­di­ver­si­ty sec­tor. Since 2008, the IKI has sup­port­ed Ukraine in its cli­mate action efforts, in the adap­ta­tion to the impacts of cli­mate change, and in the con­ser­va­tion and restora­tion of nat­ur­al car­bon sinks and the con­ser­va­tion of bio­di­ver­si­ty.

The focus of the com­mit­ment of the IKI in Ukraine is on an ambi­tious cli­mate pol­i­cy and the mit­i­ga­tion of green­house gas emis­sions. In par­tic­u­lar, the ongo­ing IKI projects sup­port the fur­ther devel­op­ment of the Ukrain­ian NDC (nation­al­ly deter­mined con­tri­bu­tion) and the cor­re­spond­ing sec­tor strate­gies includ­ing their imple­men­ta­tion. The reduc­tion of ener­gy inten­si­ty and the asso­ci­at­ed actions towards ener­gy effi­cien­cy play a cru­cial role in this respect.

Due to the effects of the Russ­ian war of aggres­sion against Ukraine, the IKI port­fo­lio will in the future increas­ing­ly focus on the require­ments of Ukraine for cli­mate-friend­ly and resilient recon­struc­tion. At the same time, the cli­mate-rel­e­vant and bio­di­ver­si­ty-friend­ly trans­for­ma­tion will be pro­mot­ed and accel­er­at­ed. For this pur­pose, select­ed ongo­ing projects and ini­tia­tives will receive com­ple­men­tary con­tracts, involv­ing top­ping-up of the IKI fund­ing vol­ume by around EUR 42 mil­lion in sev­en bilat­er­al and region­al projects.

IKI Implementing Organisations

Cur­rent­ly, the run­ning IKI projects in Ukraine are imple­ment­ed by dif­fer­ent organ­i­sa­tions and insti­tu­tions. The fol­low­ing insi­tu­tions are cur­rent­ly imple­ment­ing the projects, fund­ed by the IKI on behalf of the Ger­man Gov­ern­ment, in Ukraine: